Unit 1

Canada, created in 1867, gets its own Constitution in 1982. Until that time, Canada was still considered the responsibility of the British government. In 1982, Canada truly becomes independent.

The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada; the country's constitution is an amalgamation of codified acts and uncodified traditions and conventions. It is one of the oldest working constitutions in the world, with a basis in the Magna Carta.[1] The constitution outlines Canada's system of government, as well as the civil rights of all Canadian citizens and those in Canada. Interpretation of the Constitution is called Canadian constitutional law. - Wikipedia

The Canadian Constitution at 30 = video

What is Common Law?

Understanding the Charter of Rights and Freedoms (over 40 minutes)

This next video more or less explains which levels of government are responsible for different laws. While they refer to Ontario, the same concept applies cross-country.

This next video seems pretty elementary, but the information contained within it should give you a good idea of the importance of having rights, more specifically, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (contained as one part of the Constitution).

Rule of Law = Primaute de droit

Role of the Senate

This Hour Has 22 Minutes - On the Senate

The Indian Act (Canada)
Taken from Wikipedia :
The Indian Act ("An Act respecting Indians"), R.S., 1951, c. I-5, is a Canadian statute that concerns registered Indians, their bands, and the system of Indian reserves.

Enacted in 1876

provides Canada's federal government exclusive authority to legislate in relation to "Indians and Lands Reserved for Indians".

Link to the Department of Justice website.

A good overview from Canadiana here.

Here's a good overview of the Indian Act

A Tutorial about Canada's Criminal Justice System
The Virtual Courtroom